Posted on October 23, 2023
The mandatory safety training in companies according to labor law.
Professional risks are higher in an unsafe work environment. They result in prolonged absences and sometimes human losses for the company. To prevent occupational accidents and diseases, the Labor Code requires every employer to train employees in health and safety. So, what does the law say about training obligations?
According to the Labor Code, an employee must receive safety training if they can be exposed to risks during the performance of their duties. Article R4141-5 states that workers involved in the following operations are subject to training: handling operations, use of portable or non-portable machines, handling of chemical products, driving of vehicles and machinery, work involving contact with animals, assembly, disassembly or transformation of scaffolding, maintenance work, and use of rope access and positioning techniques. Apart from mandatory SST training in companies, employees must benefit from the following training:
According to article L.4121-1 of the Labor Code, the employer must take all necessary measures to ensure the safety and preserve the physical and mental health of employees. Not only is the employer required to reduce risks, but also prevent them. For this, they must implement professional risk prevention and training actions. For this purpose, they can use virtual reality training. Finally, the employer is obligated to establish an appropriate organization and means.
Workers must have optimal working conditions within companies, regardless of their position. Among the rights they enjoy are:
Here are the most common risks in the professional environment:
Security risks are often present on a construction site because poor working conditions can cause injuries, illnesses, or even death. These include electrical risks, fall risks, machine-related risks, and spills on the ground. Implementing mandatory workplace safety training is essential to prevent these dangers.
Biological risks are associated with working with animals, infectious plant materials, or people. These can include blood or other bodily fluids, bacteria, insect bites, animal feces, and fungi.
Chemical risks are present in certain work environments like laboratories. They include skin reactions, respiratory problems, and illnesses. These risks are associated with liquids, fumes, vapors, gases, pesticides, and flammable materials.
They are a source of tension, constraints, and anxiety for employees (sexual harassment, lack of respect, violence, workload demands...).
Ergonomic risks include various elements such as poor posture, awkward and repetitive movements, poorly adjusted chairs, and frequent lifting of loads.
Physical risks can impact the body, even in the absence of direct contact. They include extreme temperatures, radiations, or constant loud noise.
Occupational illnesses and work accidents have consequences for both the employer and the employee. On one hand, they lead to a decrease in productivity, resulting in work stoppages. Moreover, the need for staff rotation involves training costs, not to mention the compensation for employees. Thus, occupational risks have serious financial repercussions for the company. On the other hand, the employee victim of an occupational disease or a work accident may experience physical pain, which in extreme cases can be debilitating. They will have to accept their status of disability or incapacity. Occupational risks also have psychosocial consequences, as illnesses can significantly impact morale.
Since 2020, figures on occupational risks have been decreasing. For example, 604,565 work accidents were recorded in 2021, a reduction of 7.8% compared to 2019. Similarly, the number of recognized diseases was 46,448 the same year, a decrease of 4.3% compared to 2019. These improvements are mainly due to employers' efforts in mandatory workplace safety training.
Immersive training is a modern approach to meeting legal requirements for safety in the workplace. It involves learning by practice by immersing participants in a fictional universe. Realistic scenarios are set up to allow them to experience situations similar to those they would encounter in the real world.
The advantages of immersive training are numerous compared to traditional learning methods:
By combining theory and practice, workers will be more engaged during training. They will be more focused and will assimilate information more easily, making them more effective in their jobs.
Scenarios can be replayed several times until employees assimilate the right gestures to adopt. This will allow them to perfect their practice.
Thanks to virtual reality, learning becomes more enjoyable for learners. Moreover, distractions are eliminated, as wearing a VR headset requires them to focus fully on professional training.
Virtual reality is an excellent way to comply with legal requirements for mandatory workplace safety training. Indeed, immersive training directly confronts employees with occupational risks, without endangering their lives. By becoming actors in the training, they will progress rapidly and be able to adopt appropriate behaviors when performing their tasks.
Immersive training is essential for fire safety. Virtual reality can simulate a fire in a work environment. Participants must perform several exercises to understand the risks and solutions to implement if a similar situation occurs within the company.
In summary, the employer's obligations regarding health and safety are numerous in a company. He must implement various prevention and training actions to protect employees. Virtual reality is a good way to train workers on safety instructions. Thanks to immersive experience and practice, it ensures their safety while complying with the law.
We offer HSE training in virtual reality to allow your employees to immerse themselves in your company's safety culture. The programs are personalized according to your field of activity and your objectives. In addition, HSE exercises are specifically designed according to your requests (serious games, quizzes, risk identification...).